Christoph Spennemann is a Legal Expert in the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) Intellectual Property Unit. He holds a master degree in international economic law and European law of the Universities of Lausanne and Geneva (Switzerland). He studied law at the universities of Passau and Freiburg (Germany) and Grenoble (France). After his bar examination, Mr. Spennemann practised law in a Berlin firm and joined the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) in 2001. He deals with issues regarding intellectual property rights and their development implications. Mr. Spennemann's particular interests relate to patent and copyright law and the possibilities of striking an appropriate balance between exclusive rights and the public domain, with a view to promoting innovation and creativity. He has also published and co-authored various articles in the areas of patent law, geographical indications and trademark law.