Maximiliano Santa Cruz(1970) is the National Director of Chile‘s National Institute of Industrial Property (INAPI). Since his appointment in 2009, INAPI has turned into a reference institution, with a special focus on technology transfer and innovation. Since October 2014 INAPI has been functioning as one of the 22 International Searching Authorities (ISA) and International Preliminary Examining Authorities (IPEA) under the Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT), the only one in Latin America working in Spanish. Santa Cruz has a balanced and comprehensive view of intellectual property and believes it is a key tool for achieving economic and social development. In this sense, in the past years INAPI has been playing an important role in public policy discussions and being an active player of the Chilean innovation system. Before heading INAPI Santa Cruz dealt with intellectual property issues at the Mission of Chile to the WTO and WIPO from 2005 to 2009. During his employment in Geneva he acted as Chair of the WIPO Standing Committee on the Law of Patents for two periods. From 1999 to 2004 Santa Cruz worked at the Chilean Ministry of Foreign Affairs. In May of 2017 Santa Cruz was reelected as the Chair of the PCT Working Group for a second period. He also chairs the Expert Advisory Group of the Medicines Patent Pool (MPP), a United Nations backed organization offering a public-health driven business model that aims to lower the prices of HIV, tuberculosis and Hepatitis C medicines and facilitate the development of better-adapted medicines, such as simplified HIV “fixed-dose combinations” and special formulations for children. He holds a law degree from the Universidad de Chile and an Ll.M. from the University of San Francisco and teaches intellectual property at the Universidad Católica and the Universidad de Chile.